1. I now confess, I made the Final Challenge for Juandering in Manila 2.0 Filipino Chinese Friendship Arch Station. Unlike the first Juandering that has 10 stations, now we have only 9 stations.

    I designed the final station challenge to be as time consuming (worth 2 stations): wide coverage area and hard challenge. But I think only 5 teams got this far.

    First Row: Beaux Arts

    Second Row: Art Deco

    Third Row: Neoclassical

     
  2. The Ideal Theater, designed during the 1930’s is a very good type of building in the streamlined Art Deco, a variant of Art Deco employing lesser ornamentations but with with more lines reminiscent of machinery or ships. The façade of the theater was flanked by two massive pillars between vertical bands. The theater is the first building that Pablo Antonio designed and is also the same building that launched his career as an architect. It was due to his design for the Ideal Theater that Nicanor Reyes commissioned him as the architect of FEU in Morayta.

    Cine Ideal, one of the oldest movie houses in the Philippines, was established in 1912 by the Roces Family. The theater started on a wooden building in Avenida Rizal but due to the immense and growing popularity of the movie theaters back then, it was rebuilt in concrete with the Art Deco building by Pablo Antonio. It played Japanese movies during the World War II. It survived the 1945 Liberation of Manila during World War II and was immediately opened after the war. Due to the boom of the Cinema during the 1950’s to 1960’s it was expanded to cater growing clientele. It suffered steady decline during the 1970’s, when the major movie houses shifted out of Avenida Rizal and was eventually demolished in the later part of 1970s to give way to a shopping mall.

    During its heydays, Idea was popular for showing only movies from the MGM production house, as its competitors also show movies from only one Hollywood Production House.

    (Source: arkitektura.ph)

     
  3. Luneta Hotel, Paris a Manille

    The only surviving building in Manila reminiscent of Architectural Styles present in French Cities. This could be manifested in the roofing, the grilles and the gargoyles. It was built in 1918, abandoned after the Liberation, declared a National Historical site in 2008, and was restored and might reopen next year. Thinking of going to Paris? Why not try it here first?

    Only akosipaaat answered the question here correct.

    PS: This is how it looked like before it was restored.

     
  4. Adriatico Towers, Manila

     
  5. Natividad Building
    Escolta, Manila

    The building is one of the oldest surviving buildings in Escolta and one of two buildings in the street done in the Beaux Arts Style, the other one is the Calvo Building. It was burned during the Battle of Manila ion 1945, leaving its exterior shell intact. It has been eventually restored after the war. It housed the Insurance Commission in the 50s. It still functions as a commercial building until now. 

     
  6. Interior of the National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Building, National Science Complex, UP Diliman.

     
  7. Frozen Fountain bas reliefs of the Regina Building, Escolta. The frozen fountain feature is more dominant in Art Deco Buildings. But the Regina is mainly designed as Beaux Arts Building.

    The wires irritate me.

     

  8. "[Buildings] should be planned with austerity in mind and its stability forever as the aim of true architecture, that buildings must be progressive, simple in design but dignified, true to a purpose without resorting to an applied set of aesthetics and should eternally recreate truth"
    — Pablo Antonio, National Artist for Architecture
     
  9. Brasilia, Brazil

    Urbanized (2011) by Gary Hustwit

     
  10. An effigy is a sculptural representation of a well-known human being, usually gracing church entrance or any other prominent buildings obviously in Church Architecture it is borrowed from the west. The Fu Dog is a sculpture of an animal in Oriental Buildings, to signify that the building is prominent or is the home of a well-known person. The Fu Dog is always in pairs. The Fu Dog is very much borrowed from Oriental Culture.

    The East meets the West, San Agustin Church, Manila.

     
  11. Insigne y leal ciudad de Manila

     
  12. UY Chaco Building, Binondo, Manila

    Designed by American Architect Samuel Rowell in 1914. It is easily Manila’s first skyscraper when it was built that time and the best example of a building in Art Noveau design. It survived war and neglect and for almost a century now, it’s eclectic turret in the Northeast has been the most prominent mark that adorned the Plaza Cervantes Area in this side of the Old Business District in Binondo.

     
  13. The main reason why the traditional bahay na bato of the Filipinos have stone ground floor and a wooden upper floor is due to the earthquake weakness of masonry, the main construction technique introduced by the Spanish. Masonry is done by stacking blocks of stone or bricks bonded into walls with lime as mortar (I bet you already heard some buildings bound with egg whites and corals). As these stone walls go high, the more vulnerable it will be during earthquakes, that is why wood is used for the second floor, to lessen the load on the upper floor so that the center of mass of the structure remains on the first floor. That practice is not purely Spanish Architecture, but Fil-Hispanic Architecture. Such building would have looked weird in Spain.

    Also, what is unique and will always be the hallmark of the Fil-Hispanic Architecture is the windows made from translucent oyster shells, known locally as capiz. The capiz lets light in but insulates the inside from the heat. The windows are large and lets wind in for the natural circulation of air inside it. That is why they don’t even need a ceiling fan those days. The windows are so bright and airy that you can see the whole surroundings from the windows. Actually, the windows also double as balcony.

    A professor of mine said that if your house is within the vicinity of the church, you can view the procession in the comforts of your window. The proximity of your residence from the Town Center (Market, Town Hall and church) determines your status in the society that time. The nearer your residence to the town center, the more privileged you are. Actually, the set up still exists in some towns of Ilocandia.

    This building setup is what’s missing in some current Intramuros Dormitories.

    The town setup I described is called the Plaza Complex.

     
  14. aieos:

    Proposed Art-deco Mapua Institute of Technology building, 1940

    Mapua is supposed to be located in the Avenida Rizal, but after the war Tomas Mapua acquired the location of the Franciscan Church in Intramuros so Mapua eventually based itself in Intramuros.