1. Bonifacio Monument, Caloocan City

    Before the NLEX was built and the cloverleaf in Balintawak became the first contact in the Metro, all vehicles from the provinces north of Manila enter the Metro area through the Manila North Road or McArthur Highway and at the end of it is the junction of Rizal Avenue, ESDA, Circumferential Road 4 and McArthur itself. In this intersection is a monument to one of the country’s National Heroes: Andres Bonifacio.

    Designed by the National Artist Guillermo Tolentino, the monument adorns the circular road in the intersection of Manila’s 4 major highways. It had been threatened to be transferred somewhere due to the expansion of the MRT 3 to connect to LRT 1 and PNR Sangandaan but Caloocan objected with the transfer, prompting to redesign the railway system into what we see now. For 80 years, the monument stood in the same spot, witnessing the transformation (and degradation) of Caloocan City and Rizal Avenue.

    PS: It’s Andres Bonifacio’s 150th Birthday today.

    (Source: Flickr / keithkelly)

     

  2. Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa ni Andres Bonifacio

    theurbanhistorian:

    Aling pag-ibig pa ang hihigit kaya
    sa pagka-dalisay at pagka-dakila
    gaya ng pag-ibig sa tinubuang lupa?
    Alin pag-ibig pa? Wala na nga, wala.

    Ulit-ulitin mang basahin ng isip
    at isa-isahing talastasing pilit
    ang salita’t buhay na limbag at titik
    ng isang katauhan ito’y namamasid.

    Banal na pag-ibig pag ikaw ang nukal
    sa tapat na puso ng sino’t alinman,
    imbit taong gubat, maralita’t mangmang
    nagiging dakila at iginagalang.

    Pagpuring lubos ang nagiging hangad
    sa bayan ng taong may dangal na ingat,
    umawit, tumula, kumatha’t sumulat,
    kalakhan din nila’y isinisiwalat.

    Walang mahalagang hindi inihandog
    ng pusong mahal sa Bayang nagkupkop,
    dugo, yaman, dunong, tiisa’t pagod,
    buhay ma’y abuting magkalagot-lagot.

    Bakit? Ano itong sakdal nang laki
    na hinahandugan ng buong pag kasi
    na sa lalong mahal kapangyayari
    at ginugugulan ng buhay na iwi.

    Ay! Ito’y ang Inang Bayang tinubuan,
    siya’y ina’t tangi na kinamulatan
    ng kawili-wiling liwanag ng araw
    na nagbibigay init sa lunong katawan.

    Sa kanya’y utang ang unang pagtanggol
    ng simoy ng hanging nagbigay lunas,
    sa inis na puso na sisinghap-singhap,
    sa balong malalim ng siphayo’t hirap.

    Kalakip din nito’y pag-ibig sa Bayan
    ang lahat ng lalong sa gunita’y mahal
    mula sa masaya’t gasong kasanggulan.
    hanggang sa katawan ay mapasa-libingan.

    Ang na nga kapanahon ng aliw,
    ang inaasahang araw na darating
    ng pagka-timawa ng mga alipin,
    liban pa ba sa bayan tatanghalin?

    At ang balang kahoy at ang balang sanga
    na parang niya’t gubat na kaaya-aya
    sukat ang makita’t sasa-ala-ala
    ang ina’t ang giliw lampas sa saya.

    Tubig niyang malinaw sa anak’y bulog
    bukal sa batisang nagkalat sa bundok
    malambot na huni ng matuling agos
    na nakaa-aliw sa pusong may lungkot.

    Sa kaba ng abang mawalay sa Bayan!
    gunita ma’y laging sakbibi ng lumbay
    walang ala-ala’t inaasam-asam
    kundi ang makita’ng lupang tinubuan.

    Pati na’ng magdusa’t sampung kamatayan
    waring masarap kung dahil sa Bayan
    at lalong maghirap, O! himalang bagay,
    lalong pag-irog pa ang sa kanya’y alay.

    Kung ang bayang ito’y nasa panganib
    at siya ay dapat na ipagtangkilik
    ang anak, asawa, magulang, kapatid
    isang tawag niya’y tatalikdang pilit.

    Datapwa kung bayan ng ka-Tagalogan
    ay nilalapastangan at niyuyurakan
    katwiran, puri niya’t kamahalan
    ng sama ng lilong ibang bayan.

    Di gaano kaya ang paghinagpis
    ng pusong Tagalog sa puring nalait
    at aling kaluoban na lalong tahimik
    ang di pupukawin sa paghihimagsik?

    Saan magbubuhat ang paghihinay
    sa paghihiganti’t gumugol ng buhay
    kung wala ring ibang kasasadlakan
    kundi ang lugami sa ka-alipinan?

    Kung ang pagka-baon niya’t pagka-busabos
    sa lusak ng daya’t tunay na pag-ayop
    supil ng pang-hampas tanikalang gapos
    at luha na lamang ang pinaa-agos

    Sa kanyang anyo’y sino ang tutunghay
    na di-aakayin sa gawang magdamdam
    pusong naglilipak sa pagka-sukaban
    na hindi gumagalang dugo at buhay.

    Mangyari kayang ito’y masulyap
    ng mga Tagalog at hindi lumingap
    sa naghihingalong Inang nasa yapak
    ng kasuklam-suklam na Castilang hamak.

    Nasaan ang dangal ng mga Tagalog,
    nasaan ang dugong dapat na ibuhos?
    bayan ay inaapi, bakit di kumikilos?
    at natitilihang ito’y mapanuod.

    Hayo na nga kayo, kayong ngang buhay
    sa pag-asang lubos na kaginhawahan
    at walang tinamo kundi kapaitan,
    kaya nga’t ibigin ang naaabang bayan.

    Kayong antayan na sa kapapasakit
    ng dakilang hangad sa batis ng dibdib
    muling pabalungit tunay na pag-ibig
    kusang ibulalas sa bayang piniit.

    Kayong nalagasan ng bunga’t bulaklak
    kahoy niyaring buhay na nilant sukat
    ng bala-balakit makapal na hirap
    muling manariwa’t sa baya’y lumiyag.

    Kayong mga pusong kusang (pugal)
    ng dagat at bagsik ng ganid na asal,
    ngayon magbangon’t baya’y itanghal
    agawin sa kuko ng mga sukaban.

    Kayong mga dukhang walang tanging (lasap)
    kundi ang mabuhay sa dalita’t hirap,
    ampunin ang bayan kung nasa ay lunas
    sapagkat ang ginhawa niya ay sa lahat.

    Ipaghandog-handog ang buong pag-ibig
    hanggang sa mga dugo’y ubusang itigis
    kung sa pagtatanggol, buhay ay (mailit)
    ito’y kapalaran at tunay na langit.

    4 lines per stanza. 12 syllables per line. Goddamn, Bonifacio is such a great poet.

    If my memory serves me right, this poetic arrangement is called awit. This is also the poetic arrangement of Florante at Laura.

    (Source: allschoolassignments.blogspot.com)

     
  3.  
  4. Stories behind the streets of Manila - Binondo and Quiapo

    I have posted some interesting (or maybe not so interesting) stories on how some streets of Sampaloc and Intramuros were named that way, I haven’t continued those threads until well now. Of course, Binondo, considered the oldest Chinatown in the world, is the original settlement area for the Chinese Immigrants who converted to Catholicism, administered by the Dominican Missionaries. Meanwhile, Quiapo is a Recollect Mission near it.

    Since those two are among the oldest districts of Manila, the streets are also among the oldest in the city. Though they are named differently now, their alignment basically stays the same and even those name changes are full of stories by themselves.

    Binondo

    Juan Luna St.

    Named after the painter Juan Luna, its former name was Anloague (Tl. Anluwagi), meaning a carpenter. Anloague prominently appears in Philippine Literature as the address of Kapitan Tiago and Maria Clara, characters of Noli me Tangere. Some more streets in Binondo - San Nicolas are named after craftsmen like Anloague.

    Quintin Paredes St.

    Named after Senate President Quintin Paredes (1952), the street was formerly called Calle Rosario, since it ends at Binondo Church and the patron of that church is Santo Rosario. It is also one of the old Downtown’s main commericial streets.

    Tytana St.

    Formerly called Oriente Street, it was once the location of the Hotel de Oriente.

    Ongpin St.

    Named after Roman Ongpin St., a rich businessman of Chinese ancestry who is also a patron of the Philippine Revolution. The street was once called Sacristia St. The street ends at the Sacristy of the Binondo Church.

    Dasmarinas St.

    There are many place names in the Philippines named after Dasmarinas, one is a town in Cavite Province and another one is a gated village in Makati City. The street name (and as well as the town and village name) is possibly named after two persons one is Governor Luis Perez de Dasmarinas and another is his some Gomez Perez de Dasmarinas. The elder Dasmarinas was Governor General from 1590 until 1593 when he was assasinated on the way to Mollucas by Chinese mutineers. His some Gomez took his place. Governor Dasmarinas also started the building of Manila into a walled city we now call Intramuros.

    Escolta

    Named after “La Escortar” since the cavalry escorts of the Governor General have their stables here. Also one of the main commercial streets of the old Manila downtown.

    Burke St.

    Named after Dr. William Burke, a professor of UST and one of the pioneers of Cardiology in the Philippines. A Building in Escolta is also named after him.

    Reina Regente St.

    Named after Maria Christina of Austria, he is the Queen Regent of Spain until the King Alfonso XII of Spain attained maturity. Her rule in Spain saw the Philippine Revolution and the Treaty of Paris.

    Yuchengco St.

    Formerly called Calle Nueva.

    Sabino Padilla St.

    Sabino Padilla was a Court of Appeals and a Supreme Court Justice. This street was named Calle Gandara, after Governor General Gandara, a Governor General who established a telegraph system in the archipelago, making it closer to Spain and to the rest of the world.

    Claro M. Recto St.

    Claro M. Recto was a Philippine Senator, but the road named after it was formerly named Calle Azcarraga, after Marcelo Azcarraga. Marcelo Azcarraga is a Manila Born Spanish Politician, and the only prime Minister of Spain with Filipino Ancestry.

    Teodora Alonzo St.

    Teodora Alonza is the mother of the National Hero Jose Rizal. The street was once called Calle Arranque. The spanish word Arranque has many meanings, like boot and starting point.

    Benavides St.

    Named after Miguel de Benavides, Archbishop of Manila.

    Maybe I’ll split the list here, so it won’t be too long. I’ll post other by parts in the future.

     
  5.  

  6. Random Observations: Post-Yolanda (Relief and Rescue Operations)

    This is a bulleted post, so bear with me.

    • After the typhoon, everybody became a Disaster Prevention and Mitigation expert. This renders the real experts unemployed.
    • We held an American Journalist’s statements as the gospel truth.
    • A former future first lady defended the government’s efforts (especially her partner) against the American Journalist. That was aimed to save the face of her partner, but social media ensured that the effect will backfire and burn her partner’s Malacanang chances to ashes, forever.
    • Social Media netizens are in its most emotional phase about the typhoon, peaking with the issue between the American Journalist and the former future first lady.
    • A local primetime newscast had its main newscaster at the center of the Typhoon ground zero, and a field reporter reporting at the same city, but I can deduce that they are just within near distance.
    • Majority of the Social Media reactions came not from the areas very affected as these areas were cut off from the internet within hours from Zero Hour until now.
    • Tanda, Sexy and Pogi are silent. Maybe you should not see them happy being away from the limelight because of the government blunders in relief efforts. They can’t be seen because of obvious reasons. Maybe we should not forget, 10 billion might have been enough for a very efficient relief.
    • There are many government and private institutions providing relief, but they are just severely limited to packing and distributing. Maybe the bigger companies (ehem construction companies), consider to help in clearing major roads from debris in the next disaster like this as the major problem aside from the inefficient system, is logistical and transport problem. This would not be the last.
    • The greatest wind speed provision in the National Structural Code of the Philippine (v2010) is 250 kph, Yolanda’s maximum wind reached 235 kph. 250 should have been a wide allowance from the strongest wind speed. Structural Engineers should improve our wind loading design which is based on an outdated ASCE 07 - 05.

    That all, if you want to reblog, kindly ask premission first.

     
  7. POSSIBLE DEMOLITION OF CAPITOL THEATER BUILDING ON ESCOLTA

    The Heritage Conservation Society has heard from a reliable source that the Capitol Theater Building on Escolta is about to be demolished to give way to a high-rise building. Plans are allegedly already being prepared and the developer is reportedly not concerned about the value of this cultural masterpiece, the work of National Artist for Architecture Juan Nakpil, and thus subject to the protection of the NCCA.

    Designed and built in the mid-1930s, the structure is one of the country’s prime examples of Art Deco. The building also serves to demonstrate how Escolta has served as the canvass of the artistic and professional evolution of some of the country’s greatest architects. Juan Nakpil was lieutenant to Andres Luna de San Pedro during the design and construction of the Perez Samanillo Building further up the street, and had come unto his own professionally when he designed the Capitol Theater, and was at the helm of a team that included Victorio Edades, Carlos “Botong” Francisco, Galo Ocampo and Francesco Monti.

    The Capitol Theater Building is of supreme patrimonial value and must be protected by the state. This is not to say that no development can happen here. What we mean to underscore is simply one of the key tenets of the Heritage Law: that any intervention with a structure of this cultural value must be performed with sensitivity and care, and with the review and approval of the relevant cultural agency. In this case, being the work of a National Artist for Architecture, the Capitol Theater Building is under the protection of the NCCA.

    We urge all concerned citizens to write their expressions of support for the protection of the Capitol Theater Building to the NCCA, and to the city government of Manila. It would be the city government of Manila that has the authority to issue the demolition permit.

    (Source: facebook.com)

     
  8. (Source: facebook.com)

     
  9. Security Bank Gallery - National Art Gallery (National Museum of the Philippines)

    The newest Gallery of the National Art Gallery is a hall dedicated to the life and works of the National Artist for Sculpture Guillermo Tolentino.

    A interesting piece in this gallery is the maquette of the Triumphal Arch of theCommonwealth of the Philippines, which should have been built at the planned Capital at Quezon City. World War II intervened and it was never built. The piece was once displayed at the Pasig City Museum before its transfer at the National Art Gallery.

    Also, he marks the busts he made with the name of the subject in our writing system Baybayin (not Alibata). Before he really focused on sculpture, he did some other art forms.

    You could see a lithograph of his work “Filipinos Ilustres” having our National Heros in a “class picture” like manner.

     

  10. How to help the people of the Philippines affected by Typhoon Yolanda / Haiyan:

    inothernews:

    As always, perform due diligence with ANY and ALL charity groups and/or non-profits soliciting donations for victims of natural disasters. Give help, but don’t give blindly.  Remember: in most (if not all) cases, financial donations will make the most impact.  Also, here is Google’s Person Finder to help families separated by the storm locate one another. Tumblr: please reblog and share this and keep the people of the central Philippines in your thoughts and prayers.

     
  11. National Museum of the Philippines - National Art Gallery 

    I went to the National Museum yesterday to take advantage of my long break from Review Classes and to enter the museum for free. Like last year, some Galleries are still in the works, in renovation (for example, the gallery of the other paintings by Juan Luna). But still, the museum keeps getting better and there is a very new Gallery dedicated to National Artist for Sculpture Guillermo Tolentino’s works. But still, they need to work on brochures, and clearer directional signs throughout the building.

    Aside from the National Art Gallery, I also visited the Museum of the Filipino people but maybe due to the impending construction of the Museum of the Natural History in the DOT Building, the collections there are still not curated properly. Anyway, those will be the subject of the succeeding posts here.

    I also have previous posts regarding my visit last year, click this link to see them.

    http://theurbanhistorian.tumblr.com/tagged/nationalartgallery

     
  12. Someone posted a comment on this post earlier, thanks for the additional information!

    I might be leading to the hint that the streets in Sampaloc that refers to first names of people might be some of the family members of the original owners of the Sulucan Estate in Sampaloc (Bustillos, Balic Balic and UST) are originally owned by the Poor Clares but when they disposed their lands in Sampaloc, the clan of Antonio dela Riva had most of the land, donating some of it to the University for the use of the University.

    Additional info, the landowners specifically stated that the names of the streets in their donated estate will not be changed for perpetuity or else those lands will revert back to the original owners. The most visible of these streets is Calle Espana, well you could see that the road is in between two roads named after Manuel Quezon (Quezon Boulevard in Quiapo and Quezon Avenue in Quezon City).

    PS: You might now notice that I’m already inactive the past months here. I’ve been busy because in the same semester, I enrolled for the Board Exam Review Classes and my Last Semester in UP. Bad News: I won’t be taking the much awaited Board Exam this November. Good News: I passed, and will graduate this semester. That’s all.

     
  13. What if subway is also the way to save us from excessive flooding?

    I also have previous Google SketchUp Conceptual designs for a Subway|Flood Control Concept in one and a Bus Rapid Transit Concept for the other.

     
  14. Converting a elevated Mass Transit system to a Subway and Bus Way.

    Inspired by the study and proposal of the DOTC to build a subway train line along EDSA, possibly rendering MRT obsolete. And this is how to build and convert the MRT Track ROW into a Bus Rapid Transit system.

    Hi Tumblr, It’s been a while.

     


  15. LOBOC TOWER. This is what remains of the historic Church of San Pedro tower in Loboc, Bohol province, after a major 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck the region on Tuesday, leaving scores dead and destroying churches and buildings in and around one of the Philippines’ major tourist hubs. LOBOC VICE MAYOR PABLIO SUMAMPONG/CONTRIBUTOR

    Source